Panel 1: BIBFRAME and Beyond

Starts at
Mon, Nov 6, 2023, 16:00 South Korea Time
( 06 Nov 23 07:00 UTC )
Finishes at
Mon, Nov 6, 2023, 17:30 South Korea Time
( 06 Nov 23 08:30 UTC )
Room 201


BIBFRAME and Beyond: On data resilience, effective interoperability, knowledge sharing and the future of linked library data

There is an ongoing uptake of BIBFRAME and a general movement towards replacing MARC21 as the model for library data interoperability. This brings new perspectives for the means and practices of our current data exchange routines, both within and beyond libraries. It also stands in contrast to the simpler model for exchange that Dublin Core terms enable. While both DC terms and BIBFRAME are based on RDF, whether these vocabularies are at odds or complementary is still an open question. Is the net result a semantic convergence or divergence? Semantic technology promises interoperability, but how does the current practices of using linked data aid in that?

How will changes in resource description techniques affect the different needs within libraries, such as identification, organisation, selection? And is “record exchange” still the way we think about sharing descriptions about our library resources in a web-based graph-oriented world? The methods for copying and curating data manually need to be contrasted with linking, automatic normalisation and caching. Aggregation needs to be contrasted with combined descriptions about the same entity from multiple sources, where provenance of each piece of data can be kept. Can we lessen the need for maintenance of multiple descriptions about the same thing? Criteria for determining sameness is likely a crucial part of doing so.

For combinations of descriptions from multiple sources, the data either needs to use the same terms initially, or be transformed into a uniform result for effective services. It is envisioned that vocabulary alignments can be used for automatic consolidation, but where are we in practice? Should we demand more of our standards and systems? Will there be an increased demand in data conversion in the future, rather than less? How does the use of Application Profiles affect this?

It may be reasonable to expect that our linked data practices should work effectively across knowledge institutions of varying capabilities and contextual bounds. But how does the quality of various library catalogues compare to crowd-sourced descriptions of these resources? Talking about books and other creative works, their varying modes of publication and access is not an exact science It hinges upon context of use. Are the detailed descriptions of authors more trustworthy when derived from sources such as biographies? Can we distribute and delegate that trust? What about other domains of knowledge, such as geographical and historical knowledge?

  • Niklas Lindström

    National Library of Sweden

    Niklas is a senior systems and data developer at the National Library of Sweden, with responsibility for the data modelling and semantic interoperability of the Swedish national union cataloguing system (Libris). He specializes in web and linked data technology to establish wider interoperability, and has been active in the RDF community since the early 2000s, working on tools and standards such as JSON-LD and RDFa. He is also co-chair of the DCMI Usage Board.

  • Xiaoli Li

    University of California Davis Library

    Xiaoli Li is the Head of the Content Support Services of the UC Davis Library. She started working with linked data in 2013 and led her library’s participation in various linked data projects. She currently coordinates the ELUNA/IGeLU Linked Open Data Community of Practice Working Group and the Chinese Culture and Heritage Wikidata group. She also serves on the BIBFRAME Interoperability Group and Share-VDE Share Family National Bibliographies Working Group as well as co-teaches a six-week-long introductory course on linked data.

  • Philip Schreur

    Stanford University

    Philip Schreur is the Deputy University Librarian at Stanford University. He earned a PhD from Stanford and an MLIS from the University of California, Berkeley. As the Deputy University Librarian (DUL), he is the COO for the libraries. In addition, he is responsible for liaising with the Stanford Coordinate libraries in the development of common goals and objectives, and is responsible for developing, maintaining, and evolving collaborative and coordinated programs with research libraries in the Ivy Plus Library Confederation (IPLC) along with various national and international institutions.