Core Cultural Metadata Model (CCMM) Workshop

Starts at
04 Oct 22 21:45 UTC
Finishes at
04 Oct 22 23:30 UTC
Virtual Conference Room B
Shigeo Sugimoto

Corresponding Organizer: Shigeo Sugimoto ([email protected])


The Core Cultural Metadata Model interest group (CCMM-ig) was proposed to develop a core model which help understand organization of metadata to describe various types of cultural entities and digital archiving of those entities in the networked information environment, including tangible and intangible entities, perpetual and ephemeral entities, digital and non-digital entities, etc. The CCMM group was inspired by the significant developments of digital archiving of cultural entities supported by Linked Open Data (LOD) resources, e.g., Europeana.

Metadata schemas used to organize those digital collections have been item-centric, like those schemas for conventional institutional collections, because the institutional digital collections were created by digitizing physical materials of the institutional collections, e.g., books, paintings, sculptures, films, and so forth. In these days, on one hand, the digital archiving and metadata schemas oriented to physical items are still widely used, which may be called digital archiving of entities born in the physical world, i.e., born-physical entities. On the other hand, in the state-of-the-art information environment, digital archiving is applied to various cultural resources in the new domains such as intangible cultural heritage, performing arts and new media arts, where those original cultural entities may not be kept in the institutional collections as they are. Moreover, those cultural entities which may be created from digital resources in the networked information environment, may be called born-virtual since they may be originally created in the virtual world. Thus, the domains of digital archiving have been expanding from those tangible and perpetual items which may be collected and held by the memory institutions to those entities which may not be held as an item by the memory institutions. This means conventional metadata standards used at memory institutions may not be suitable for those new kinds of cultural resources.

Data models are an essential component for modern metadata standards and schemas to clearly define the entities which are to be described by metadata and relationships among those entities, e.g., the Work-Expression-Manifestation-Item (WEMI) model of FRBR (consolidated in the LRM), PREMIS data model, and Europeana Data Model (EDM). In addition, WWW standards such as RDF and OWL play important roles to (semi-)formally define the data models.

Digital archiving is an essential function to build and provide digital collections of cultural entities in the networked information environment. Those digital collections, which may be a digital surrogate of the original institutional collections, provide various value-added services using linked data technologies. EDM which defines relationships among original cultural heritage objects and digital objects is an excellent example of data model of metadata for digital archiving and metadata aggregation.


  • Introduction – Shigeo Sugimoto
  • Talks
    • Marcia Zeng – Whatthe Core should cover from viewpoints of cultural heritage description and standards
    • L.P. Coladangelo – Perspectives from intangible cultural Heritage
    • Magnus Pfeffer – Enthusiast websites as a source for data on visual media
    • Shigeo Sugimoto – Models for digital archiving of cultural entities
  • Open Discussion

Topics for Discussion

  • Domains and types of cultural entities
    • Domains: Intangible Cultural Heritage, Ephemeral and/or Dynamic Tangible Objects, Events, etc.
    • Types: tangible vs. intangible, object (physical, digital, hybrid) vs. experientials (events, performances, actions, services, etc.), perpetual vs. ephemeral, etc.
  • Digital archiving processes in accordance with cultural entity types – types of digitally archived entities – digitization of original physical objects, digital conversion of recordings of original cultural entities, e.g., performances, ephemeral objects, and event, conversion of born digital objects, etc.
  • Basic requirements to define cultural metadata models
    • Model description levels – Informal Model, Semi-formal Model and Formal Model
    • Definition of Core Metadata Model – a fundamental question "what is core cultural metadata model?"
  • tba

This workshop session is open to any participants of the DCMI 2022 conference. If you are planning to attend and willing to present your thoughts at this workshop, please contact the corresponding organizer (Shigeo Sugimoto) by email.


  • Shigeo Sugimoto

    University of Tsukuba

    Shigeo Sugimoto is a professor emeritus at Univetrsity of Tsukuba. He has been involved in DCMI since late 1990s. He is currently a member of the Governing Board of DCMI. His interests include metadata models for cultural and historical entities such as intangible cultural heritage, media arts and natural and man-made disasters. He is invovelved in the Core Cultural Metadata Model interest group of DCMI.