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DCMI Usage Board Decisions

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  <td bgcolor="#99cccc"><font size="4"><b>DCT1 Type Vocabulary (2000-04-01) </b></font></td>
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Result

Result of the Vote "DCT1 Type Vocabulary (2000-04-01)", generated at 4/15/00 7:00 PM.
Number of votes cast: 22

  <p>1. <b>Question: </b>Interactive Resource 
  </p>

Label: Interactive Resource
Name: InteractiveResource
Definition: An interactive resource is a resource which requires interaction from the user to be understood, executed, or experienced. For example - forms on web pages, applets, multimedia learning objects, chat services, virtual reality.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 17
Reject 3


Abstain: 2

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve Machine name should be "interactive"
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject This is a highly imperfect list which I believe it does not serve us well to try to institutionalize. Since DC has no mechanism for supporting extensible schemas, it is doubly irresponsible to create one that we know has no inherent logic. I will vote against all these values.
Priscilla Caplan Reject I agree with David. Also, having tried to use this in a number of applications, I find I almost always need to record the genre (e.g. newspaper, journal article, doctoral dissertation) not this high-level vaguely physical abstraction. Is there any known use for these values?
Diane Hillmann Approve I agree that this list is unlikely to receive accolades from anyone, but it gives us at least a "template" for others to use. Ergo, with nose twitching, I belt up for the ride.
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell abstain  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Examples just list WebObjects. There are many other interactive "objects".
Tom Baker abstain I agree with Priscilla that these items should be about the genre of the content (see Type element definition) and I share David's concerns about long-term maintenance and inherent logic. I hesitate to reject it completely, but I cannot bring myself to actually recommend it.
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve  
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve  
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve Comment for all all items in this set... This is not an exclusive set of genres. Communities will certainly be able (and encoraged) to refine each of these items to satisfy domain specific descriptions. The specifics of how this extensibility and refinement takes place are application specific in nature. This request however should be viewed as a function requirement from the dc-usage editorial board the appropriate working groups addressing the application specific implmentations.
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>2. <b>Question: </b>Dataset 
  </p>

Label: Dataset
Name: Dataset
Definition: A dataset is a structured information encoded in lists, tables, databases, etc., which will normally be in a format available for direct machine processing. For example - spreadsheets, databases, GIS data, midi data. Note that unstructured numbers and words will normally be considered to be type text.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 18
Reject 3


Abstain: 1

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject how can unstructured numbers be thought as primarily for reading (cp. definition of dct1:text
Tom Baker abstain  
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve  
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve Sheet music, which is interests me a lot, is mentioned below under "Image" and "Sound". And here we have midi data. I think that sheet music in "semantic form" should go here as well, ie., ABC , mudela, niff do, various XML encodings and friends should go here as well.
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve I agree with the abstract concept being defined here, however, I would strongly encourage this definition be tighted up. Specifically I would suggest removing the last scentence from the definition of 'DataSet' and rather including this a a useage guide?
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>3. <b>Question: </b>Event 
  </p>

Label: Event
Name: Event
Definition: An event is a non-persistent, time-based occurrence. Metadata for an event provides descriptive information that is the basis for discovery of the purpose, location, duration, responsible agents, and links to related events and resources. The resource of type event may not be retrievable if the described instantiation has expired or is yet to occur. Examples - exhibition, web-cast, conference, workshop, open-day, performance, battle, trial, wedding, tea-party, conflagration.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 17
Reject 3


Abstain: 2

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen abstain  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject how does it help with resource discovery to smash workshops and conflagrations in the same class?
Tom Baker abstain  
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve  
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve  
Warwick Cathro Approve I am voting to approve because I concede that this type will be useful for some projects, such as web based events calendars.
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve  
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>4. <b>Question: </b>Image 
  </p>

Label: Image
Name: Image
Definition: An image is a primarily symbolic visual representation other than text. For example - images and photographs of physical objects, paintings, prints, drawings, other images and graphics, animations and moving pictures, film, diagrams, maps, musical notation. Note that image may include both electronic and physical representations.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 18
Reject 4


Abstain: 0

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Self references in the definition. In which sense a photograph of a stone is a "symbolic" representation.
Tom Baker Reject "Primarily symbolic" only raises questions. Also ambiguous from the wording whether "images and photographs of... musical notation" are meant, or musical notation itself. This is far away from genre.
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve  
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve Image (Sound) should be things that you may look at (listen to) directly. You may use OCR technology on scanned sheet music or scanned text (which according to the definition of "Text" below is text).
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve  
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>5. <b>Question: </b>Model 
  </p>

Label: Model
Name: Model
Definition: A model is an abstraction of the real thing, i.e. some generalisation and interpretation. Models could be considered a symbolic representation. Examples include performance models, cost models, mechanical models, etc.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Reject 11
Approve 10


Abstain: 1

Choice with highest score: Reject

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Reject Makes no sense at this level of "type" descriptions
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Reject  
Makx Dekkers Reject  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Again "symbolic" representation...
Tom Baker Reject Grammatically, the definition is misleading -- "real thing" is "interpretation"?
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve delete the second sentence -- not accurate. A model may be a scaled physical rendering.
Sigfrid Lundberg Reject Models could be described in mathematical form eg, using math ml (Dataset), or as a simulation models (Interactive).
Warwick Cathro Reject This is too loose a category. This type value is unlikely to support useful resource discovery.
Erik Jul Reject  
Rachel Heery Reject  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller abstain I abstain as this makes very little sense to me.
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>6. <b>Question: </b>Place 
  </p>

Label: Place
Name: Place
Definition: A geographic area.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Reject 11
Approve 9


Abstain: 2

Choice with highest score: Reject

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve Please folks - DC is about discovery. Places can have an identity, and it is clearly useful to be able to discover them, so this is at least as appropriate as many of the others.
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason abstain I can't understand clearly how this should be a Type value
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Reject This one makes me a bit queasy--I don't think it applies here.
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Reject  
Stuart Sutton Reject  
Makx Dekkers Reject  
Leif Andresen abstain  
Roland Schwaenzl Approve  
Tom Baker Reject In no sense I can think of is "place" a genre.
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Reject Unclear how or when
Sigfrid Lundberg Reject  
Warwick Cathro Reject I can understand projects cataloguing or describing Events and Services, but I can't understand anyone wanting to catalogue a place - as opposed to cataloguing a catographic resource which depicts the place.
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Reject  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve I agree with Simon's comments on this.
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>7. <b>Question: </b>Sound 
  </p>

Label: Sound
Name: Sound
Definition: A sound is a resource whose content is primarily audio or intended to be realized in audio. For example - music, speech, recorded sounds. This category includes musical notation, including score, which is unrealized in sound.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 16
Reject 6


Abstain: 0

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Reject Musical notation should be removed from definition.
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Musical notation in 4. is counted as Image. Text is unrealized in sound (What ??) also.
Tom Baker Reject Roland is right. By this definition, "Hamlet" is "sound" because it was intended to be realized in audio.
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve The genre type is useful, but the definition is inaccurate. musical notation and scores are not sounds.
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve Again, where should sheet music go?
Warwick Cathro Approve I want this category, so I'm voting Yes, BUT I don't agree that musical notation and scores should be encompassed by the definition.
Erik Jul Reject I feel that musical notation has traditionally been treated differently than audio recordings. Including musical notation in this definition adds ambiguity.
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve  
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>8. <b>Question: </b>Physical Object 
  </p>

Label: Physical Object
Name: PhysicalObject
Definition: A Physical Object is a non-human object or substance. This category includes objects that do not fit into any of the other categories on this list. In addition these objects must be approached physically to make use of them. For example - a computer, the great pyramid, a sculpture, wheat. Note that digital representations of, or surrogates for, these things should use image, text or one of the other types.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 15
Reject 5


Abstain: 2

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve machine name should be "physical"
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen abstain  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject "approached physically to make use of them": How i can make use of a egyptian pyramid?
Tom Baker Reject I assume there is philosophy behind this, but I don't quite get it. Objects that must be approached physically (eg, a painting) versus a surrogate (eg, image of Whistler's mother)? I'd hate to have to teach this.
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve Definition needs total rework. A mummy is a human object yet it would be reasonable to assign this genre term to the item.
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve All examples are artifacts. What about trees and lions.
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve This definition includes a definition by exclusion, i.e., things that do not fit into other categories. What happens when the list of categories grows over time? This greater specificity may enable the classification of an object as something other than "PhysicalObject."
Rachel Heery Reject  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller abstain I abstain as I don't quite understand this... Tom's comments seem inline with my concerns.
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>9. <b>Question: </b>Service 
  </p>

Label: Service
Name: Service
Definition: A service is a system that provides one or more functions of value to the end-user. Examples include: a photocopying service, a banking service, an authentication service, interlibrary loans, a Z39.50 or Web server.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 18
Reject 3


Abstain: 1

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Is a human a service?
Tom Baker abstain  
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve  
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve  
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve The "system" to deliver the service can include humans?
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve  
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>10. <b>Question: </b>Software 
  </p>

Label: Software
Name: Software
Definition: a computer program in source or compiled form which may be available for installation non-transiently on another machine. For software which exists only to create an interactive environment, use interactive instead.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 18
Reject 3


Abstain: 1

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Last sentence of definition is cumbersome.
Tom Baker abstain  
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve Definition can be shortened and clarified. Software is machine-executable code.
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve  
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve Who understainds "non-transiently."
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve I strongly suggest remoning the last scentence... again place in a usage guide (also... 'interative' to 'interactive resource'?)
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>11. <b>Question: </b>Collection 
  </p>

Label: Collection
Name: Collection
Definition: A collection is an aggregation of items. The term collection means that the resource is described as a group; its parts may be separately described and navigated.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 18
Reject 3


Abstain: 1

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl Reject Most things are collections by the definition given.
Tom Baker abstain  
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve Not an ideally worded definition...
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve I'm very close to rejecting this one. We need to resolve the one-to-one problem...
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve  
eric miller Approve  
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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  <p>12. <b>Question: </b>Text 
  </p>

Label: Text
Name: Text
Definition: A text is a resource whose content is primarily words for reading. For example - books, letters, dissertations, poems, newspapers, articles, archives of mailing lists. Note that facsimiles or images of texts are still of the genre text.

  <p>type: single selection 
  </p>

Answer Points
Approve 18
Reject 2


Abstain: 2

Choice with highest score: Approve

Voter Vote Voter's comment
Simon Cox Approve  
Renato Iannella Approve  
Jon Mason Approve  
David Bearman Reject  
Priscilla Caplan Reject  
Diane Hillmann Approve  
Stuart Weibel Approve  
Andy Powell Approve  
Stuart Sutton Approve  
Makx Dekkers Approve  
Leif Andresen Approve  
Roland Schwaenzl abstain In this generality not of much help.
Tom Baker abstain  
Rebecca Guenther Approve  
Eric Childress Approve  
Sigfrid Lundberg Approve  
Warwick Cathro Approve  
Erik Jul Approve  
Rachel Heery Approve  
Diann Rusch-Feja Approve I missed "party" in the voting procedure - is there a substitute or is it just not here?
eric miller Approve  
Shigeo Sugimoto Approve  

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