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DCMI Status Report - April 2002

Makx Dekkers
Date Issued:

Table of contents

Introduction .

Organizational developments

Overview of activities in Working Groups, Interest Groups and Committees

General discussion platform

Working groups

Interest groups

Other activities

Standing Committees


This report on the status of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative covers the activities that have taken place since DC-2001 in Tokyo, October 2001, until end of March 2002. A progress report covering the results in the year 2001 and the workplan for 2002 has been published in DLib magazine ( http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february02/weibel/02weibel.html).

The first part of the report describes the activities related to the development of the new organizational structure for DCMI. The second part of the report contains an overview of the work in the various working groups, interest groups and committees in the reporting period.

Organizational developments

In January 2002, two major changes have occurred in the organizational structure of DCMI: the installation of the Board of Trustees, and the establishment of the Advisory Board that replaces the Advisory Committee. For more information on these two Boards, see below in the section on Standing Committees.

In February 2002, a group of European organizations submitted a proposal for a Thematic Network to the European Commission, which aimed at obtaining funding for a series of meetings of Dublin Core implementers in Europe. The network, at the time of submission, included 57 organizations from a wide range of domains (libraries, information services, governments, universities, research institutes, commercial companies). Since the submission, another 27 organizations have expressed interest. Unfortunately, the evaluators of the proposal had doubts about the benefits of creating a European forum, and ranked the proposal low for funding by the European Commission.

Overview of activities in Working Groups, Interest Groups and Committees

General discussion platform


Mailing list subscriptions: 876 on 18 March 2002 (+35 compared to October 2001)

DC-General remains the general platform for discussions in the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. In the previous months, many announcements have been made of meetings, conferences, publications and projects. There have been a number of discussions about specific aspects of the usage of the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set and qualifiers. Areas of discussion included:

Furthermore, Public Comment periods took place for the two Architecture deliverables specifying the expression of simple and qualified Dublin Core in RDF/XML, as well as for the proposal from DC-Education for a Level qualifier for the Audience element.

Working groups

Administrative metadata


Chair: Leif Andresen, Denmark
Mailing list subscriptions: 42 (+2)

Deliverable status:

A report of the Tokyo breakout session was posted to the mailing list in late October 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0110&L=dc-admin&F=&S=&P=188). Work on the proposal will continue in 2002. The issue of metadata for resource management will be discussed with the Government Working Group, where a position paper is prepared on the subject of records management and recordkeeping metadata.


Chairs: José Borbinha, Portugal; John Kunze, US
Mailing list subscriptions: 96 (+9)
Deliverable status:

In the Tokyo breakout session, the above set of new deliverables was defined, and volunteers have come forward to help produce them. A report of the breakout session was posted in December 2001.

( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0112&L=dc-agents&F=&S=&P=55).

Work in this group is linked to the NSF/DELOS "Actors and Roles" Working Group, as well as work that is being done as part of the work on the Libraries Application Profile in the DCMI Libraries Working Group.


Chair: vacant, contact Makx Dekkers
Mailing list subscriptions: 111 (+5)
Deliverable status:

A discussion on what should be at the end of a namespace URI was continued after the Tokyo workshop. The outcome of the discussion was that there could be either a human-readable document of a machine-readable schema, although it was also argued that nothing is supposed to be at the namespace URI.

There has been a discussion on whether DCMI needs to consider changing the HTML guidelines from recommending a notation with uppercase and dots (e.g. DC.Creator) to a notation with lowercase and semicolons (e.g. dc:creator) in line with XML practice. No such change is currently considered, to avoid breaking existing implementations that follow the existing recommendations.

A discussion took place on the exact content of the schema for the Dublin Core, as it was identified that there are a number of schemas on the DCMI Web site that are incorrect. Two task forces were established: one for defining a correct schema for Dublin Core elements and qualifiers in RDF/XML and one for doing this for pure XML.
The XML schema for simple Dublin Core was finalized in cooperation with OAI and will be made available on the DCMI Web site in April 2002. Work continues on the XML schemas for qualified Dublin Core and on the RDF/XML schemas.


Chair: Ann Apps, UK
Mailing list subscriptions: 58 (+2)
Deliverable status:

Discussion at DC9 in Tokyo identified the immediate work items for this WG. These are: to propose a citation qualifier for dc:identifier; to propose a means of encoding a journal article bibliographic citation record within a parsable text string; to identify a list of standard identifiers applicable to bibliographic citation; and to propose a means of encoding a journal article bibliographic citation record in XML and RDF. Possible items for later work have also been identified. A report of the Tokyo meeting was posted in November 2001.
( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0111&L=dc-citation&F=&S=&P=57)

A proposal for a citation identifier for dc:identifier and a proposal to encode a journal article bibliographic citation as a Dublin Core Structured Value have been finalized. An initial draft list of standard identifiers has been assembled, including suggested encodings.

The WG web site has been updated to show its current focus. The 'history' section of this web page records the previous work, decisions and focus of the earlier DCMI Bibliographic Citations and Versions Working Group.
Accumulating the list of standard identifiers relevant to bibliographic citations will continue. These identifiers will be registered with DCMI if this is appropriate, or alternatively it will include recommended encodings. The WG will develop a Citation Profile, which will include recommendations for encoding bibliographic citation information in XML and RDF. The WG will produce guidelines for encoding a bibliographic citation record using OpenURL syntax when version 1.0 of  the OpenURL standard has been finalized.

Collection Description

Chair: Andy Powell, UK; Pete Johnson, UK
Mailing list subscriptions: 37 (+17)
Deliverable status:

An updated workplan for the group has been posted to the website.

On the first task of developing a DC-based schema for the description of collections, discussion has been launched using the example of the RSLP Collection Description schema. The RSLP CD schema in fact provides for the description of several related entities, and discussion is focusing, in the first instance at least, on the properties/attributes for the description of the collection itself.


Chairs: Jon Mason, Australia; Stuart Sutton, US
Mailing list subscriptions: 242 (+21)
Deliverable status:

The report of the breakout session in Tokyo was posted in November 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0111&L=dc-education&F=&S=&P=58)

The group discussed the status of its work on an education specific resource type vocabulary, and decided to revive the work on the vocabulary after it became clear that the Type WG had dropped its intentions to pursue a DCT2 vocabulary and to rely instead on work by domain/practice communities. The participants discussed the work done over the past year to determine whether additional "Audience" element qualifiers might be justified and decided to move this discussion to the DC-Education listserv.  During the Workshop, there was an interest group formed to explore the issues of accessibility in the larger context of DCMI-based metadata. After a brief discussion of a very early working draft of statements gleaned from a handful of education-based metadata projects with regard to teaching processes and characteristics, the co-chairs will continue the development of this draft document through discussions on the listserv. The WG decided that there was a need for discussion this coming year regarding the need to capture metadata statements dealing with learning objectives that are local or intrinsic to a resource.  The focus of this new discussion is on objectives that may have nothing to do with external criteria; they are purely local to the resource but nevertheless useful for purposes of discovery.


Chairs: Andrew Wilson, Australia; Palle Aagaard, Denmark
Mailing list subscriptions: 151 (+14)
Deliverable status:

A report of the Tokyo breakout sessions was posted in December 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0112&L=dc-government&F=&S=&P=221)

The group discussed the need for a further survey of government implementations of Dublin Core, but most of the time was spent to discuss the comments of the Usage Board on the Government Application Profile that was submitted in September. A new proposal was circulated on the list in November concentrating on the elements in the Application Profile that are not yet in the Dublin Core standard.

In the first months of 2002, the proposed extensions have been finalized in a proposal to the Usage Board.


Chair: Rebecca Guenther, US
Mailing list subscriptions: 326 (+20)
Deliverable status:
The report of the breakout sessions in Tokyo was posted in November 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0111&L=dc-libraries&F=&S=&P=58)
A special meeting on the Application Profile took place in conjunction with the American Library Association&rsuo;s Midwinter meeting in New Orleans in January 2002. Some discussion took place on the mailing list on issues related to the work in the Agents WG.


Chair: Rachel Heery, UK; Harry Wagner, US
Mailing list subscriptions: 69 (+2)
Deliverable status:
The report of the Tokyo breakout session was posted in early November 2001. ( http://homes.ukoln.ac.uk/~lisrmh/DCMI-registry/DC2001RegWG.htm)
After Tokyo, the discussion has concentrated on defining a new charter and deliverable list. A new charter was posted on the WG Web pages in February 2002.


Chair: Leif Andresen, Denmark
Mailing list subscriptions: 72 (+7)
Deliverable status: None
The report of the Tokyo breakout session was posted in late October 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0110&L=dc-standards&F=&S=&P=357)
Further activities concentrate on bringing Dublin Core forward for a fast-track procedure in ISO.


Chair: Roland Schwänzl, Germany
Mailing list subscriptions: 60
No activities have taken place in this Working Group. The mailing list will be transferred to Jiscmail in April 2002.


Chair: Ann Apps, UK
Mailing list subscriptions: 60 (-2)
Deliverable status:

A report of the Tokyo breakout session was posted in November 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0111&L=dc-type&F=&S=&P=152)

From discussion at the Type working group meeting at DC9 in Tokyo and subsequent discussion on the email list, work items for this group have been identified. A new charter, which reflects current work by the group, has been agreed, and the WG's web page has been updated to include this charter and indicate the new focus of the group.

It was decided at the DC9 meeting that this group should no longer attempt to develop a DCMI sub-type list (previously called DCT2) because this is not a reasonable or attainable goal. Rather the task of the WG should be to advise domain-specific groups on identifying their own lists of types by developing best practice guidelines. An outline of a document 'Guidance for Domains and Organisations Developing Type Vocabularies for use with Dublin Core' has been produced.

It was also agreed that the WG would no longer accumulate a list of domain-specific type lists used within various projects because information about projects using Dublin Core may be found elsewhere. The group agreed to identify a list of standard type encoding schemes, and to possibly register them with DCMI if appropriate. This list will be annotated with information, such as who uses it and what are its strengths, to assist potential users to identify an appropriate scheme.

Discussion on the email list suggested that the WG should propose the addition of a 'physical object' type to the DCMI Type Vocabulary encoding scheme. There is currently no item on this list to indicate a physical object type, a type that is needed in domains such as museums.

It is hoped that volunteers from within the group will begin to write the guidance information. WG members have been asked to supply suggested type encoding schemes to begin the assembling of a list.

User Guide

Chair: Diane Hillmann, US
Mailing list subscriptions: 58 (+6)
Deliverable status:
No activities have taken place in this Working Group.

Interest groups


Chair: Liddy Nevile, Australia
Mailing list subscriptions: 71
This Interest Group was established from a breakout session in Tokyo that was held on initiative from Liddy. A report was posted to DC-General in December 2001. ( http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/cgi-bin/wa.exe?A2=ind0112&L=dc-general&F=&S=&P=56)
In its charter, the group aims to provide a forum to discuss a possible role to review the accessibility of the products of DCMI itself, and to consider the relation between accessibility descriptions and Dublin Core descriptions.
The group has started by giving the members the opportunity to share their thoughts and experiences. A related meeting, chaired by Liddy, will take place in the context of WWW2002 in Hawaii in early May 2002.


Chair: Mary Alice Ball, US
Mailing list subscriptions: 83 (+15)
No activities have taken place in this Interest Group. The DCMI Directorate and Board of Trustees are currently considering ways to increase the participation of various business domains in DCMI activities.


Chair: Roland Schwänzl, Germany
Mailing list subscriptions: 24 (+1)
This Interest Group has closed down on suggestion from the chair, due to insufficient interest.


Chair: Thom Pick, Germany
Mailing list subscriptions: 118
This Interest Group was established from a breakout session in Tokyo. ( http://www.dublincore.org/groups/environ/bof-tokyo.html)
According to its charter, this group is a forum for individuals and organizations involved in implementing Dublin Core in the environmental domain, with the objective to establish representation of the domain in DCMI and to promote interoperability within the domain through the use of Dublin Core. It will collect information on usage of the Dublin Core in the domain, work on establishing guidelines and develop an Application Profile for the environmental domain.
The group is now working on the survey. In the next period, environmental departments of those governments that are known to use DC are going to be contacted to increase responses for the survey.

Moving Pictures

Chair: Simon Pockley, Australia
Mailing list subscriptions: 40 (+7)
This Interest Group has closed down on suggestion from the chair, due to insufficient interest.

Localization and Internationalization (formerly Multiple Languages)

Chairs: Olga Barysheva, Russia; Shigeo Sugimoto, Japan
Mailing list subscriptions: 100 (+1)
The group had a lively meeting in Tokyo. In December 2001, Olga posted a new draft charter and topics list.
In discussions on the list it was confirmed that element labels should not be translated. Further discussion took place on the way that left-to-right languages can be included in metadata values.

Other activities


(Website to be announced in April 2002)

Coordinators: Michiel Tegelaars, Italy; Makx Dekkers, Luxembourg

Program chairs: Mauro Guerrini, Italy; Stu Weibel, USA

The date and venue of DC-2002 has been set for Florence in Italy, 13-17 October 2002. The conference Web site and call for papers are being finalized and will be made public in April 2002. Like in Tokyo, there will be workshop, conference and tutorial tracks.

The event is hosted by:

The title of the conference is: DC-2002: Metadata for e-Communities: Supporting Diversity and Convergence. The program will include a variety of issues related to the development and deployment of the Dublin Core, e.g.: e-Government metadata, search engines, educational metadata, knowledge management, use of DC metadata for commerce and intranets, semantic web and cataloguing, metadata interoperability and cultural heritage metadata.

The Program Committee is now being established, to assist in the review of submitted papers.

Standing Committees

Board of Trustees


The DCMI Board of Trustees was installed in January 2002. The nine Board members, from six countries on four continents, have been recruited to provide a combination of skills and geographic diversity appropriate to strengthening the Initiative and broadening its reach.

The Board will assist in strategic planning and provide guidance as to choices concerning allocation of resources and the focus of the Initiative as a whole; assist in the development of community support that will increase the resources available to the Initiative through development of sponsors, members, and targeted foundation support; and provide financial oversight of the Initiative to assure that funds contributed are expended efficiently and effectively in support of the mission and objectives.

A conference call was held in late January 2002. The first face-to-face meeting is scheduled to take place on 12 and 13 April 2002 in Lund, Sweden.



Executive Director: Stu Weibel, USA; Managing Director: Makx Dekkers, Luxembourg

One Directorate meeting has taken place in Dublin, Ohio between Stu Weibel and Makx Dekkers since the Tokyo event, on 10-12 March 2002.

Main activities of the Directorate in the last period have been the establishment of the Board of Trustees and the Advisory Board, the establishment of the Work Plan and Deliverables list for 2002.

A major activity in the next period will be the further development of plans to attract outside funding for the DCMI. In addition, the Directorate is in the process of defining an Architecture Roadmap for the Dublin Core which is scheduled for completion in May 2002.

Advisory Board


The Advisory Board was installed in January 2002. It is comprised of all chairs of DCMI Working Groups and Interest Groups and invited experts. The Advisory Board gives advice to the DCMI Directorate on all technical and strategic issues that occur during the operation of the DCMI. It has a dual role in the DCMI: an internal role to assist in and advise on the developments that take place within DCMI, and an external role to liaise with the stakeholder community and other global metadata initiatives. It has an important role in reviewing charters and activities of Working and Interest Groups with specific emphasis on recognizing and signaling potential conflicts between activities, suggesting specific coordination between Working and Interest Groups, and proposing specific contacts with individuals, groups or organizations outside the DCMI.

Executive Committee

With the establishment of the Board of Trustees, the Executive Committee has ceased to exist. We want extend warm thanks to Tom Baker, Renato Iannella, Eric Miller and Paul Miller, who have been members of the Executive Committee in the past years.

Advisory Committee

The final activities of the Advisory Committee in 2001 were the establishment of the DCMI Work Plan 2002, the adoption of the new charters of the Type WG and three Interest Groups (Accessibility, Environment and Internationalization), and the acceptance of the charter of the Advisory Board. With that last action, the Advisory Committee was disbanded. Also here, we want to warmly thank everyone who served on the Advisory Committee in its five years of its existence. Many of the Advisory Committee members continue to serve as members of the new Advisory Board.

Usage Board


Chair: Tom Baker, Germany

In its meetings in Tokyo, the Usage Board discussed the proposal brought forward by the Government Working Group, guidelines for registration of vocabulary and encoding scheme qualifiers, and issues emanating from the work of the Architecture and Registry Working Groups.

The next meeting will take place on 12 and 13 May 2002 in Bath, UK.

Web team

Since the Tokyo event, all Working Group and Interest Group pages have been updated with the new charters and work plans. New sections concerning the organizational structure were made to reflect the organizational changes in the last months.

In the next period, an activity will be started to look at the usability of the Web site, which may lead to a redesign of the Web site in the next year.

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