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Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM)

    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" width="20">
        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">DC Element<br>Label</font></center>

    </td>
    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" width="20">
        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">DC Sub-Element<br>Label</font></center>


    </td>
    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" width="10" valign="TOP">
        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">Scheme</font></center>

    </td>
    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" width="55" valign="TOP">

        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">Description</font></center>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Contributor</b></font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A person or organization not specified in a CREATOR
                               element who has made significant intellectual contributions to
                               the resource but whose contribution is secondary to any
                               person or organization specified in a CREATOR element (for
                               example, editor, transcriber, and illustrator).<p>GATEWAY PROFILE NOTE: Not Allowed (At this time, The Gateway does not use the CONTRIBUTOR element. Instead, information regarding a
 contributor to the resource being described should be recorded using the ROLE sub-element of the CREATOR element.)</p></font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">namePersonal</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the contributor when a contributor is an individual.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">nameCorporate</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the contributor when the contributor is a corporation,
                             organization, or association.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">email</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The email address of the contributor.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">postal</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The postal address of the contributor.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">phone</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The telephone number of the contributor. This should be in the world
                             standard format of Area Code - Local Number. For example, (707)
                             876-9876 or 707-876-9876.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">fax</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The fax number of the contributor. This should be in the world standard
                             format of Area Code - Local Number. For example, (707) 876-9876 or
                             707-876-9876.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">affiliation</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The institution where the contributor is based.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">homePage</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">URL</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The URL of the contributor’s homepage on the WWW.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">role</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Brief, free-text statement of the role of the contributor (e.g., “illustrator,”
                             “photographer,” etc.).</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Coverage</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The spatial and/or temporal characteristics of the resource.
                                Formal specification of COVERAGE is currently under
                                development. Users and developers should understand that
                                use of this element is currently considered to be
                                experimental.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">spatial</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">None/Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The element value describes in free text some sort of spatial information
                            relevant to the entity’s topic.</font>
    </td>
</tr>



<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">temporal</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">None/Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        The element value describes in free-test some sort of temporal information
                            relevant to the entity's topic.
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"><b>Creator</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The person or organization primarily responsible for creating
                                the intellectual content of the resource. For example, authors
                                in the case of written documents, artists, photographers, or
                                illustrators in the case of visual resources.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">namePersonal</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the creator when a creator is an individual.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">nameCorporate</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the creator when the contributor is a corporation,
                             organization, or association.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">email</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The email address of the creator.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">postal</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The postal address of the creator.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">phone</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The telephone number of the creator. This should be in the world
                             standard format of Area Code - Local Number. For example, (707)
                             876-9876 or 707-876-9876.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">fax</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The fax number of the creator. This should be in the world standard
                             format of Area Code - Local Number. For example, (707) 876-9876 or
                             707-876-9876.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">affiliation</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The institution where the creator is based.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">homePage</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">URL</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The URL of the creator’s homepage on the WWW.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">role</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Brief, free-text statement of the role of the creator (e.g., “author,”

                             “photographer,” etc.).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Date</b></font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">ISO8601</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The date the resource was made available in its present
                                form. Recommended best practice is an 8 digit number in the
                                form YYYY-MM-DD as defined in
                                http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-datetime, a profile of ISO
                                8601. In this scheme, the date element 1994-11-05
                                corresponds to November 5, 1994. Many other schema are
                                possible, but if used, they should be identified in an
                                unambiguous manner.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">type</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The type of date selected from a controlled vocabulary; e.g., “recordCreated,” “creation,” “placedOnline,” “validFrom,” “validTo,” etc.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary of resource types.</p></font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Description</b></font>       
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A textual description of the resource.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Format</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The data format of the resource, used to identify the
                                software and possibly hardware that might be needed to
                                display or operate the resource. For the sake of
                                interoperability, FORMAT should be selected from an
                                enumerated list that is under development in the workshop
                                series at the time of publication of this document.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">contentType</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">IMT</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">The file format (Internet Mime Type) of the resource being described.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">platform</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
    <font size="-1">Computing platform of the content.</font>
    </td>

</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">size</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
    <font size="-1">The size of the content file in bytes.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Identifier</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">String or number used to uniquely identify the resource.
                                Examples for networked resources include URLs and URNs
                                (when implemented). Other globally-unique identifiers,such
                                as International Standard Book Numbers (ISBN) or other
                                formal names would also be candidates for this element in the
                                case of off-line resources.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">location</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">Any identifier that serves to locate the resource; or, a mechanism
                              that resolves to a location where the resource may be found (e.g., a
                              URL or a Dewey classification number denoting the location of a
                              physical item on a shelf).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">publicID</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Any publicly recognized designation that serves to uniquely identify
                              the resource (e.g., ISBN, ISSN, etc.).</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">SID</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A unique identifier assigned by the GEM Consortium to a collection
                              of resources in The Gateway.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">SDN</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A Consortium member’s unique identifier for a specific resource in
                              the Consortium member’s collection.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Language</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Language(s) of the intellectual content of the resource.
                                Where practical, the content of this field should coincide with
                                RFC 1766.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">role</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">The role of the language designation selected from a controlled vocabulary; e.g., “Content” (language of the content of the resource), or “User” (language of the intended users).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">code</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Z39.53</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The code value from the scheme representing the name of a written language.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">text</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Z39.53</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the written language spelled out in full.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Publisher</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The entity responsible for making the resource available in
                                its present form, such as a publishing house, a university
                                department, or a corporate entity.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">nameCorporate</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The corporate name of the online provider/publisher of the resource.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <img src="1pixel.gif" alt="1 pixel">
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">role</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">GEM</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The role designation (either “onlineProvider” or “publisher”).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">email</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The email address of the online provider/publisher of the resource.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">postal</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The postal address of the online provider/publisher of the resource.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">phone</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The telephone number of the online provider/publisher of the resource. This
                          should be in the world standard format of Area Code-Local Number. For
                          example, (737) 765-9876 or 707-765-9876.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">contact</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1"> </font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the contact person at the online provider/publisher of the
                          resource.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">homePage</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">URL</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The URL of the publisher’s homepage on the WWW.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Relation</b></font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The relationship of this resource to other resources. The
                                intent of this element is to provide a means to express
                                relationships among resources that have formal relationships
                                to others, but exist as discrete resources themselves. For
                                example, images in a document, chapters in a book, or items
                                in a collection. Formal specification of RELATION is
                                currently under development. Users and developers should
                                understand that use of this element is currently considered to
                                be experimental.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">kind</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A machine-readable uni-term description of the kind of relationship the related
                        resource has to the resource being cataloged (drawn from a GEM-registered
                        controlled vocabulary (e.g., the relationship “isStandardsMappingOf” from
                        GEM’s registered vocabulary)).<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary of relationships.</p></font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">description</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A simple, short textual description of the relationship including, where possible,
                        the context of the relationship (e.g., “Standards mapping agency: MCREL”).
                        The description may be used by an implementation as a human-readable
                        hypertext link to the related resource.</font>
    </td>

</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">location</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A location or a method that resolves to the location of the resource being
                        pointed to (e.g., a URL, DDC or LCC number).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">publicID</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Any publicly recognized designation that serves to uniquely identify the related
                        resource (e.g., ISBN, ISSN, etc.)</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Rights</b></font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A link to a copyright notice, to a rights-management
                                statement, or to a service that would provide information
                                about terms of access to the resource. Formal specification
                                of RIGHTS is currently under development. Users and
                                developers should understand that use of this element is
                                currently considered to be experimental</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">location</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A location or a value that resolves to the location of some statement regarding
                        intellectual property or other use restrictions placed on the resource (e.g., a
                        URL).</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">agent</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the agent of the owner(s) of rights in the resource.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">use</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Statement of any intellectual property rights and/or use restrictions.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">priceCode</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A code designating the fee status of the resource (e.g., free, fee-based).</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Source</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A string or number used to uniquely identify the work from
                                which this resource was derived, if applicable. For example,
                                a PDF version of a novel might have a SOURCE element
                                containing an ISBN number for the physical book from
                                which the PDF version was derived.<p>GATEWAY PROFILE NOTE: Not allowed (At this time, GEM does not use the SOURCE element. Instead, information regarding a resource from
 which the item being described was derived should be recorded using the RELATION element selecting "isSourceOf" KIND from
 the controlled vocabulary.)</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">description</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A brief textual description of the resource being described.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">version</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The version number of the resource being described expressed as an integer or
                        decimal value. Default version is “1”.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">location</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">A location or a method that resolves to the location of the source (e.g., a URL
                        or a Dewey Classification number denoting the location of a physical item on a
                        shelf).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">publicID</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Any publicly recognized designation that serves to uniquely identify the related
                        resource (e.g., ISBN, ISSN, FPI, SICI, etc.)</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Subject</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The topic of the resource. Typically, subject will be
                                expressed as keywords or phrases that describe the subject
                                or content of the resource. The use of controlled
                                vocabularies and formal classification schemas is
                                encouraged.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">subjectPath</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Entry of a term or phrase from a controlled vocabulary or thesaurus.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">sequence</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Sequence of the term or phrase in the subjectPath (where applicable).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">keyword</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Entry of a key terms or phrases drawn from the text of the resource (uncontrolled).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Title</b></font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The title of the work as provided by the author, publisher, or by the cataloger in
                        the absence of an author/publisher-provided title.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Type</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The category of the resource, such as home page, novel,
                                poem, working paper, technical report, essay, dictionary.
                                For the sake of interoperability, TYPE should be selected
                                from an enumerated list that is under development in the
                                workshop series at the time of publication of this document.
                                See http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Metadata/types.html
                                for current thinking on the application of this element<p>GEM NOTE: Description of the genre of the object being described selected from a GEM
                        approved controlled vocabulary. Examples include a lesson plan or unit.</p></font>
    </td>

</tr>


GEM Element
Label

    </td>
    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" with="20">
        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">GEM Sub-Element<br>Label</font></center>

    </td>
    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" width="10">

        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">Scheme</font></center>

    </td>
    <td bgcolor="#ff0000" width="55">
        <b>
            </b><center><font size="-1">Description</font></center>


    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Audience</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The element contains information from a controlled
                                vocabulary that most closely identifies the specific audience
                                of the resource being described.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">toolFor</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The group that would use the resource (e.g., a teacher).<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">beneficiary</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The target audience of the resource (e.g., learning disabled students).<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Cataloging</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Provides basic information about the
                                agency that created the GEM catalog record.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">nameCorporate</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the cataloging agency.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">namePersonal</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the cataloger.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">email</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The email address of the cataloging agency.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">postal</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The postal address of the cataloging agency.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">phone</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The telephone number of the cataloging agency. This should be in the world
                          standard format of Area Code - Local Number. For example, (707)
                          876-9876 or 707-876-9876.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">fax</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The fax number of the cataloging agency. This should be in the world standard
                          format of Area Code - Local Number. For example, (707) 876-9876 or
                          707-876-9876.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">homePage</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">URL</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The URL of the cataloging agency's homepage on the WWW</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">application</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The application used to catalog the resource (e.g., GEMCat).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">version</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The version number of the application that cataloged the resource e.g., 3.0).</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Duration</b></font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The recommended time or number of sessions needed to do the activity/lesson
                        as stated in the entity being described.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Resources</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A brief free-text listing of materials essential to the successful use of the entity by
                        the teacher as stated in the entity being described.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Level</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Grade, grade span, educational level, or age of the entity’s
                                audience.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">grade</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Where the resource targets a specific grade or grade range.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a US-centric “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">level</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Where the resource targets an educational level as opposed to a specific grade.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a US-centric “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">age</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">[Integer/Integer Range]</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Where the resource targets a specifice age or age range. </font>

Pedagogy  

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Denotes the student instructional groupings, teaching
                                methods, assessment methods, and learning prerequisites of
                                a resource.</font>
    </td>

</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">grouping</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The designation of the student grouping(s) selected from a GEM-registered
                           controlled vocabulary.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>

</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">teachingMethod</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The designation of the teaching method(s) selected from a GEM-registered
                           controlled vocabulary.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>

</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">assessment</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The designation of the student assessment method(s) selected from a
                           GEM-registered controlled vocabulary.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>

</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">prerequisite</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The free-text designation of a learning prerequisite.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Quality</b></font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The Quality Indicators element is a means for assessing the
                                quality of instructional materials.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">criteria</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies/GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">Various criteria drawn from established evaluative schemes upon which the resource is evaluated and rated.<p>GEM NOTE: GEM provides a “best practice” controlled vocabulary.</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">rating</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">The rating assigned a specific criteria.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">category</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">GEM</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The textual rating (poor, fair, average, good, excellent).<p>GEM NOTE: GEM requires that when the QUALITY element is used, a general category must be selected from the GEM vocabulary <em>regardless</em> of any alternative schemes used for CRITERIA.</p></font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">authority</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the agency/person who did the quality evaluation.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">scale</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Brief description of the scale used in evaluation (e.g., 1-5)</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">homePage</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">URL</font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The URL of any online statement of the evaluating agency's use of the evaluation
                        criteria.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1"><b>Standards</b></font>
    </td>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">State and/or national academic standards mapped to the
                                entity being described.</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">authority</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The name of the agency/person that mapped the standard to the entity.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">correlation</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">A statement that identifies the degree to which the described materials correlate
                        to the standard.<p>GEM NOTE: Correlation should be expressed in terms of the probability that an end user looking for resources that meet the specific standard would fine this particular resource useful (e.g., “.85”).</p></font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>

    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">identifier</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">If available, a coded representation of the standard as provided by the
                        standard-making body.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">discipline</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">The topical area of the standard (e.g., Mathematics, Science, etc.) as provided by the
                        standard-making body.</font>
    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">

        <font size="-1">level</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">The education level identified in the standard (which may or may not be coextensive with the grade or grade/level/age range of the resource being cataloged).</font>

    </td>
</tr>
<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">standardPath</font>

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Varies</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Official text of an individual taxon in the standardPath.</font>
    </td>
</tr>

<tr>
    <td valign="TOP"> 

    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">sequence</font>
    </td>
    <td valign="TOP"> 


    </td>
    <td valign="TOP">
        <font size="-1">Sequence of an individual taxon in the standardPath.</font>
    </td>
</tr>