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Using Dublin Core

Diane Hillmann
Date Issued:
Not applicable
Is Replaced By: Not applicable
Is Part Of:
Latest Version:
Status of Document:
This is a DCMI Working Draft.
Description of Document: This document is intended as an entry point for users of Dublin Core. For non-specialists, it will assist them in creating simple descriptive records for information resources (for example, electronic documents). Specialists may find the document a useful point of reference to the documentation of Dublin Core, as it changes and grows.


1. Introduction

2. Which Syntax?

3. Basic Principles of Descriptive Elements

4. The Core Elements

5. Qualifiers

6. Examples

8. Glossary

9. Background Reading and References

9. Resources for Further Information

Arts and Humanities Data Service World Wide Web Home page. (London, UK: Arts and Humanities Data Service, King's College London, Library) Available: http://ahds.ac.uk/

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Available: http://dublincore.org/

Dublin Core Metadata Element Set: Reference Description Available: http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/

Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information / edited by Murtha Baca. Version 2.0. (Los Angeles, CA : Getty Standards Program). Available: http://www.getty.edu/gri/standard/intrometadata/index.htm

"Metadata: Mapping Between Metadata Formats". UK Office for Library and Information Networking. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/interoperability/

International Standard Z39.50 Information Retrieval (Z39.50): Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification" Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/z3950/agency

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office. "Dublin Core/MARC/GILS Crosswalk" http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/dccross.html.

Metadata / UKOLN. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/

"Monticello Electronic Library: Dublin Core Element Crosswalk" http://www.oclc.org:5046/~emiller/DC/crosswalk.html.

W3C Resource Description Framework Home Page. Available: http://www.w3.org/RDF.

Background reading

Burnard, Lou et al. 1996, A Syntax for Dublin Core Metadata: recommendations from the Second Metadata Workshop. [Online]. Available: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~lou/wip/metadata.syntax.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Caplan, Priscilla L., 1997.To Hel(sinki) and back for the Dublin Core Public-Access Computer Systems Review [Online] v. 8 no4 ('97) p. 26-30. Available: http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v8/n4/capl8n4.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Caplan, Priscilla, and Rebecca Guenther, 1996. Metadata for Internet Resources: The Dublin Core Metadata Elements Set and Its Mapping to USMARC. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 22 (3/4).

Caplan, Priscilla L., 1996. You call it corn, we call it syntax-independent metadata for document-like objects (defining a standard for describing network-accessible information resources; report of the OCLC/NCSA metadata workshop, Dublin, Ohio) Public-Access Computer Systems Review [Online] v. 6 no4 ('95) p. 19-23. Available: http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v6/n4/capl6n4.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Catledge, Lara D. and James E. Pitkow. (1995). Characterizing Browsing Strategies in the World-Wide Web. In The Third International World-Wide Web Conference: Technology, Tools and Applications. April 10-14, 1995. Darmstadt, Germany. [Online]. Available: http://www.igd.fhg.de/www/www95/proceedings/papers/80/userpatterns/UserPatterns.Paper4.formatted.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Cromwell-Kessler, Willy, 1997. Dublin Core Metadata in the RLG Information Landscape. D-Lib Magazine, December. [Online] Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december97/12cromwell-kessler.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Cromwell-Kessler, Willy and Ricky Erway, 1997. Metadata Summit: Meeting Report. [Online]. Available: http://www.rlg.org/meta9707.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Dempsey, Lorcan, 1996. Meta Detectors, Ariadne 3 [Online]. Available http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ariadne/issue3/metadata [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Dempsey, Lorcan, and Stuart L. Weibel, 1996. The Warwick Metadata Workshop: A Framework for the Deployment of Resource Description. D-Lib Magazine. [Online]. July/August 1996. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/07weibel.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Dempsey, L., 1996. ROADS to Desire: some UK and other European Metadata and Resource Discovery Projects, D-Lib Magazine, [Online].July/August, Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/07dempsey.html[Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Dempsey, Lorcan and Rachel Heery,1997, Part 1. Metadata: A survey of current resource description formats in Specification for resource description methods. [Online]. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/DESIRE/overview [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Desai, Bipin C., 1997. Supporting discovery in virtual libraries. (two proposed index metadata structures for indexing and supporting search and discovery: the Dublin Core Elements List and the Semantic Header) Journal of the American Society for Information Science v. 48 (Mar. '97) p. 190-204

Dublin Core Reference Model 1.0 (DCMI Working Draft - 22 December 1999). Editors: Renato Iannella, Eric Miller, Paul Miller. [Online]. Available: http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists/dc-datamodel/files/wd-dcrm-10.htm [Accessed: 18 August 2000]

Erway, Ricky, 1997. Guidelines for extending the use of Dublin Core elements to create a generic aplication integrating all kinds of information resources. [Online]. Available: http://www.rlg.org/metawg.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Godby, C. Jean and Eric J. Miller, 1997. A Metalanguage for Describing Internet Resources. The Annual Review of OCLC Research 1996. [Online]. Available: http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/publications/review96/godby.htm. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Hakala, Juha, 1997. The 5th Dublin Core Metadata Workshop. Helsinki, Finland, October 6-8, 1997. Project Presentations. [Online]. Available: http://linnea.helsinki.fi/meta/projects.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Hansen, Preben, 1997, User Guidelines for Dublin Core Creation, Nordic Metadata Project [Online]. Available: http://www.sics.se/~preben/DC/DC_guide.html[Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Lagoze, Carl, Clifford A. Lynch, and Ron Daniel, Jr., 1996. The Warwick Framework: A Container Architecture for Aggregating Sets of Metadata. Cornell Computer Science Technical report TR96-1593, [Online]. Available: http://cs-tr.cs.cornell.edu/Dienst/UI/2.0/Describe/ncstrl.cornell/TR96-1593 [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Lagoze, Carl, 1996. The Warwick Framework: A Container Architecture for Diverse Sets of Metadata, D-Lib Magazine, July/August. [Online] Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/lagoze/07lagoze.html[Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Lange, Holley R., B. Jean Winkler, 1997. Taming the Internet: metadata, a work in progress. Advances in librarianship, v21, p. 47-72.

LeVan, Ralph, 1998. Dublin Core and Z39.50. OCLC Office of Research and Special Projects. [Online]. Available: http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/publications/review97/levan/dublincoreandz3950-v1_1.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000]

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office (1995). Discussion Paper No: 88. Defining a Generic Author Field in USMARC. [Online]. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/marbi/dp/dp88.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Library of Congress, 1997. Metadata, Dublin Core, and USMARC: A Review of Current Efforts, MARBI Discussion Paper 99 [Online]. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/marbi/dp/dp99.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office,1999. MARC 21 Concise Format for Bibliographic Data [Online]. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic/ecbdhome.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Miller, Paul, 1996. Metadata for the Masses. Ariadne 5 [Online]. Available: http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/metadata-masses/ [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Miller, Paul and Danield Greenstein, eds., 1997. Discovering Online Resources Across the Humanities: A practical implementation of the Dublin Core, 95 p. [Also online] Available: http://ahds.ac.uk/public/metadata/discovery.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Schwartz, M., 1996. Report of the W3C Distributed Indexing/Searching workshop [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/pub/WWW/Search/9605-Indexing-Workshop/ [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Swick, Ralph, Resource Description Framework (RDF) [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/Metadata/RDF [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Thiele, Harold, 1998. The Dublin Core and Warwick Framework: A Review of the Literature, March 1995 - September 1997 D-Lib Magazine, January 1998. [Online]. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january98/01thiele.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, Stuart and Juha Hakala, 1998. DC-5: The Helskini Metadata Workshop: A report on the Worlkshop and subsequent developments D-Lib Magazine February 1998. [Online]. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february98/02weibel.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, Stuart and Carl Lagoze, 1997. An element set to support resource discovery. International Journal on Digital Libraries 1: 176-186.

Weibel, Stuart L. and Eric Miller, 1997. Image Description on the Internet: A Summary of the CNI/OCLC Image Metadata Workshop. D-Lib Magazine, January. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january97/oclc/01weibel.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, S., Renato Iannella and Warwick Cathro,1997. The 4th Dublin Core Metadata Workshop Report. D-Lib Magazine. June, 1997. [Online]. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june97/metadata/06weibel.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, Stuart, 1996.The changing landscape of networked resource description. (Dublin Core record for Internet resources) Library Hi Tech v. 14 no1 ('96) p. 7-10

Wiebel, S. and Eric J. Miller, 1996. Image Description on the Internet: Summary of CNI/OCLC Image Metadata Workshop. Annual Review of OCLC Research 1996. [Online]. Available: http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/publications/review96/image.htm [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, Stuart L. 1995, Metadata: the Foundations for Resource Description, D-Lib Magazine, July 1995. [Online] Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/July95/07weibel.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, Stuart, Jean Godby, Eric Miller, and Ron Daniel, 1995. OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop Report. [Online] Available: http://dublincore.org/workshops/dc1/report.shtml [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Weibel, Stuart, 1999. The State of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. D-Lib Magazine, April 1999. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april99/04weibel.html [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Woodruff, Allison, Paul M. Aoki, Eric Brewer, Paul Gauthier, and Lawrence A. Rowe. (1996). An Investigation of Documents from the World Wide Web. In Fifth International World Wide Web Conference, May 6-10, 1996, Paris, France. [Online]. Available: http://www5conf.inria.fr/fich_html/papers/P7/Overview.html. [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Xu, Amanda, 1998. Metadata Conversion and the Library OPAC The Serials Librarian 33 (1-4). [Online]. Available: http://web.mit.edu/waynej/www/xu.htm [Accessed: 18 August 2000].

Younger, Jennifer, 1997. Resources description in the digital age. (Dublin Core: basic set of data elements) Library Trends v. 45 (Winter '97) p. 462-87.

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